Cloves & Clove Oil
© Copyright Bee Wilder
Biological Name: Caryophyllus aromaticus,
Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia caryophyllata Myrtaceae)
Other Names: Clove, clovos, caryophyllus
Active Compounds: Clove oil is
60 to 90% eugenol, which is the source of its antifungal, anesthetic and
antiseptic properties. Laboratory test have
shown that eugenol exhibited marked antifungal activity. They also confirmed cloves' effectiveness in
inhibiting food-borne pathogens as well as other bacteria. Eugenol is also found in cinnamon, sage and
oregano. Capsaicin is also present in
cloves, which is the active ingredient in cayenne pepper.
Primary Nutrients: Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium,
Vitamins A, Vitamin B-complex and Vitamin C.
Preparation: The oil of clove is prepared by steam distillation.
clove is an evergreen tree, called Eugenia arena, reaching a height of 15 to 30
feet tall. It is native to the Spice Islands and the Philippines but also grown in India, Sumatra, Jamaica, the West Indies, Brazil, and other tropical areas. The bark is pale yellowish
gray in color and smooth. It has opposite ovate (egg-shaped) leaves 3-6 inches
long. Its flowers, are red and white,
bell-shaped, and grow in clusters. The flowers when gathered are at first of a
reddish color, but on drying they assume a deep brown cast. The familiar clove used in the kitchen is the
dried flower bud.
the Han dynasty (207 B. C. to 220 A. D.) those who addressed the Chinese
emperor were required to hold cloves in their mouths to mask bad breath.
Traditional Chinese physicians have long used the herb to treat indigestion,
diarrhea, hernia, and ringworm, as well as athlete's foot and other fungal
infections and as a stimulant for the nerves.
European doctors once breathed through clove-filled leather beaks to
ward off the plague.
India's traditional Ayurvedic healers have used clove since
ancient times to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. In tropical Asia
cloves have been given to treat such diverse infections as malaria, cholera and
tuberculosis, as well as scabies.
first arrived in Europe around the 4th century A.D. as a highly coveted
luxury. The medieval German herbalists used cloves as part of anti-gout
mixture. Once clove became easily
available in Europe, it was prized as a treatment for indigestion,
flatulence, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It was also used to treat cough,
infertility, warts, worms, wounds, and toothache. European hospitals use clove to treat viral
hepatitis, bacterial colitis, hypertension, thyroid dysfunction, and fatigue.
American Eclectic physicians used clove to treat digestive complaints and added
it to bitter herb-medicine preparations to make them more palatable. They were
also the first to extract clove oil from the herbal buds. They used it on the
gums to relieve toothache.
uses in America include treating worms, viruses, candida, and various
bacterial and protozoan infections. Clove is also used for toothaches, bad breath,
dizziness, cough, earache, colitis, epilepsy, palsy, and digestive upsets, as a
sleep-inducer, anti-inflammatory, blood-thinner, mental stimulant, etc.
lift the spirits, blend clove oil with cinnamon, orange, nutmeg or vanilla
oils. Using this warming blend in an evaporator will soon fill the room and
relieve winter blues.
Athletics foot, nail fungus, & skin
problems: Clove oil is just as
effective as oil of oregano in treating these conditions. It can be applied directly to the skin or
nails, but if skin is sensitive or broken it must be diluted with extra virgin
olive oil or coconut oil.
Antioxidant: Clove essential oil is the powerful antioxidant of any
fruit or herb — see the article at the end which compares antioxidant
capabilities of a few essential oils.
Antiseptic Uses: Clove oil is the active ingredient in several mouthwashes
and a number of over-the-counter toothache pain-relief preparations.
Cold Extremities: Clove oil stimulates circulation, and blood flow to
the skin, making it very useful for people who have cold extremities.
Colds, Flu, Bronchitis, Fever &
Whooping Cough: Cloves fights germs,
viruses and bacteria, and it encourages the loosening of phlegm from the
respiratory system. It also promotes sweating
with fevers, colds, and flu, which is very healing. It is often used in
remedies for whooping cough.
Depression: This powerful herb also has the ability to relieve
Digestive Aid: Like many culinary spices, clove may help relax the
smooth muscle lining of the digestive tract. A few drops of the oil in water
will stop vomiting, and clove tea will relieve diarrhea, gas, bloating,
intestinal spasms and nausea.
Clove also helps prevent the
breakdown in the retina of the eye, which slows down macular degeneration and
aids vision in old age.
Fatigue & Drowsiness: Researchers found that sniffing the spicy aroma of
cloves reduces drowsiness, irritability, and headaches. It stimulates the mind,
increases memory recall, and relieves mental fatigue.
drop of clove oil applied to the roof of the mouth can instantly relieve many
Insect Repellent: Clove, when used with citrus oils, is an effective
Pain: Long used in aromatherapy to relieve pain, it is also uplifting oil
with a delightful scent. For general pain relief, add 3 drops of clove oil to 1
teaspoon of coconut oil or extra virgin olive oil. It is also used topically to
relieve general aches and pains.
Toothache, oral hygiene: Dentists use clove
oil as an oral anesthetic. They also use it to disinfect root canals. Clove
oil will stop the pain of a toothache when dropped into a cavity. For temporary
relief of toothache, dip a cotton swab in clove oil and apply it to the
affected tooth and surrounding gum.
Adding a clove or two to a mug of tea can work miracles on a toothache, or a headache which can be caused by teeth problems (which includes stubborn wisdom teeth). According to a
study at the University of Iowa, compounds in clove oil have shown "strong activity" against bacteria associated with plaque formation and gum disease and it treats mouth sores and ulcers, and sore gums.
A few drops of clove oil
soaked into a band aid and applied to warts has been known to dissolve them —
it should be freshly applied every day.
It may take up to a month to totally dissolve it.
oil is not recommended for pregnant or nursing mothers. Medicinal amounts of clove should not be
given to children under age 2. For older children and people over 65, start
with low-strength preparations and increase strength if necessary. Clove oil may be diluted in extra virgin
olive oil and coconut oil. Those who are
taking blood-thinner medications should not take clove oil because it, too, is
a powerful blood-thinner. Doses above those recommended may cause stomach upset.
Antioxidant Activity of Clove Essential Oil
foods and substances contain antioxidants which absorb free radicals (toxins). Scientists at Tufts University have developed a scale for the U.S. Department of
Agriculture called the ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorption Capacity) test. The
higher the ORAC score is, the more capable that particular food, spice or herb is
of destroying free radicals (antioxidant).
Essential oils have
the highest ORAC scores of any known substance. According to the Essential Oils
Desk Reference, 2nd ED., they are as follows:
Essential Oil (botanical name) ORAC Score
Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile)
Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma)
Spearmint (Mentha spicata)
Lemongrass (Cymbopogen flexuosus)
Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)
Cinnamon Bark (Cinnamamum verum)
Mountain Savory (Satureja montana)
Oregano (Origanum compactum)
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)
These essential oils
are even more potent than fruits which are promoted as powerful antioxidants,
such as blueberries, ORAC Score 2,400.
The last six oils on this chart are even more powerful than Chinese
wolfberries, ORAC score 23,300.
Clove is the champion of all, with an ORAC score over
10 million!! That means a drop of Clove Oil contains 400
times more antioxidants per unit volume than wolfberries, the most powerful of
all known fruits, and a 15ml bottle of Clove Oil has the antioxidant capacity
of 40 quarts of blueberries. The
benefits of breathing, applying and taking clove essential oil internally are
far greater than you can imagine.
Clove Bud Essential Oil
Clove Herb Information
Young Living Essential Oils
Antimicrobial Effects of Spices and Herbs